Central City North District
AMERSFOORT, THE NETHERLANDS
The Central City District North used to be a degenerated industrial estate and railyard. In the late-1980s, the Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment selected this area to be redeveloped within the frame of a series of national Key Projects. These projects were the result of a new form of spatial planning policy of the national government, in which the national government was directly involved in urban redevelopment at project level. Prior to the commencement of the Key Projects, the planning tools of the national government had a generic character: rules and financial instruments simply shaped the conditions for local developments. By stepping in and assuming an active position, the national government embraced the concept of project-led development and set the stage for integrated urban development. As for the Central City District North, this project comprised the second part of a Key Project adjacent to Amersfoort’s railway station. The regeneration of the area (34ha) began in 2008, and was completed in 2015. Today the Central City District North includes 1,200 dwellings, 215,000 sqm of office space, 10,000 sqm of retail space, and cultural and leisure facilities such as a cinema, a museum, and the city’s archives.